The Security Council is one of the six main organs of the United Nations established by the UN Charter. It gives primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security to the Security Council, which may meet whenever peace is threatened. It has 15 Members, and each Member has one vote. These permanent members can veto any substantive Security Council resolution, including those on the admission of new member states or candidates for Secretary General.
When a complaint concerning a threat to peace is brought before it, the Council’s first action is usually to recommend that the parties try to reach agreement by peaceful means. The Council may:
- set forth principles for such an agreement;
- undertake investigation and mediation, in some cases;
- dispatch a mission;
- appoint special envoys; or
- request the Secretary-General to use his good offices to achieve a pacific settlement of the dispute.
When a dispute leads to hostilities, the Council’s primary concern is to bring them to an end as soon as possible. In that case, the Council may:
- issue ceasefire directives that can help prevent an escalation of the conflict;
- dispatch military observers or a peacekeeping force to help reduce tensions, separate opposing forces and establish a calm in which peaceful settlements may be sought.
Beyond this, the Council may opt for enforcement measures, including:
- economic sanctions, arms embargoes, financial penalties and restrictions, and travel bans;
- severance of diplomatic relations;
- or even collective military action.
Hi everyone! My name is Ioana and I am a sophomore at “Gheorghe Lazar” National College. When I attended my first conference, I never thought that MUNs would become such a big part of my life; these conferences growing out to be my biggest passion yet. Some of my other passions include painting, cinematography and debating peculiar topics with my friends (constantly). LazărMUN’s second edition is going to be my 7th MUN, as well as my first chairing experience, so I am beyond excited to be chairing the Security Council, alongside a very dear friend, Renée.
Hello everyone! My name is Renée, I am a senior at “Matei Basarab” National College and I am thrilled to be chairing the Security Council at this year’s edition of LazărMUN. It has a very special place in my heart since it was my first MUN conference and as cheesy as it might sound it was a life-changing experience for me. It was the starting point of the most beautiful journey for me and I feel like I own so much to this conference. I am a Capricorn and even though I do not identify with all the traits of my zodiacal sign, I do consider myself a hardworking person so I will do everything that I can to make sure the Security Council turns out to be a memorable academic and fun experience.
- Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
- People’s Republic of China
- Republic of France
- Federal Republic of Germany
- Islamic Republic of Iran
- Republic of India
- State of Israel
- State of Japan
- Sultanate of Oman
- Islamic Republic of Pakistan
- Russian Federation
- Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
- United Arab Emirates
- United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
- United States of Americ