DAY 2 : ECOFIN, SOCHUM, DISEC
3. ECOFIN ( by Eliza Niculescu )
The second day of ECOFIN debates set off with some powerful speeches, including the DPRK’s one, in which the delegate stated that their “beloved leader Kim Jong-Un” wanted to completely remove the workforce and replace it with artificial intelligence. A moderated caucus on the topic of “Implementing infrastructure for automation” started. The USA boldly stated that they should seek to help countries in which automation is possible and has benefits – the developed ones. Mexico followed suit and gave their statistics: over 14 billion dollars had been invested in their infrastructure. Japan, however, didn’t seem happy about that: they started their speech by saying that, since they are a modest country, they will not boast about their investments.
This caucus was followed by a Q&A session with the delegate of the World Bank. Argentine was the first one to ask: would the delegate support an OC that suggested the implementation of taxes for companies which use artificial intelligence? The answer was affirmative: it would keep balance in all companies. Israel, however, was concerned about the people who would lose their jobs due to automation. The delegate of World Bank did not think it would happen in the future, but they will try to help those in need in order to easily find new jobs.
Another moderated caucus on the topic of taxes regarding automation was then proposed by Argentine. The World Bank even suggested that they could collect those taxes and use them to help unemployed people in developing countries. Japan, though, gave a speech against taxes, insisting that they would be a deterrent for companies which want to automate, thus slowing the process of global modernisation. All in all, the delegates were quite eager to debate today, working towards their resolutions with all of their powers.
4. SOCHUM ( by Andreea Voica )
The second day in the SOCHUM committee started with much enthusiasm as our fellow delegates literally danced out their way into the debate, trating witg the topic regarding indigenous peoples’ rights.
Firstly, the members of the SOCHUM committee focused on identifying the most striking problems the indigenous communities are struggling with in order to come up with the adequate solutions. Multiple states expressed their concern over the situation and it was commonly felt that immediate measures should be taken to tackle the issue. With that motivation in mind, the debate for finding proper solutions started. However, all of the opinions stated were seemingly revolving around the utterly need for improvement in the field of education. Other aspects that were taken into consideration were: health care, indigenous peoples’ integration in the political system, the introduction of equal pay, ethnic toleration etc. A surprise visit from the Crisis committee spiced up the atmosphere and the delegate of the United Kingdom of Britain and Northern Ireland was delighted to have their support. However, their presence inside the SOCHUM committee was not as well seen by other delegates who considered them a distraction ”They should immediately leave the room“( delegate of Canada). Followind chair Lumina orders to move faster, ”run the engines” became the official motto of the committee. As debates flourished, mistakes were made and our beloved chairs Alex Lumină and Ema Melihov proved to be unforgiving. The delegates of The United States Of America, the Russian Federation and Canada faced an ultimate punishment: to sing by heart two Roamanian songs, Matei Udroiu ( MUN Director ), joining as well.
Later on, the delegates started preparing their working papers/resolutions drafts and two main blocs were build. The resolutions will be voted the following day.
5. DISEC ( by Sandra Tanasescu )
During the second day of LazărMUN2020, the DISEC committee has continued the debate on the realisation of a Weapon of Mass Destruction Free Zone in the Middle East. As proposed by the delegate of Libya, with an overwhelming majority of votes, the delegates of the present member states have decided to address the topic of IAEA(International Atomic Energy Agency) supervision of civilian nuclear programmes. The delegation of the French Republic came forward with a compelling argument during the debate, saying that the focus should be put on supervising the military facilities, rather than the civilian programmes, continuing with the statement that IAEA checks should be made on a global level and especially in the Middle East region. These proposals were applauded and backed by several member states present, such as the United Kingdom, Libya, and the Russian Federation. The attitude adopted by some of the states fuelled Iran’s wish to restate their position and bring into discussion the fact that using low enriched Uranium does not pose a threat to anyone, to which the delegate of Israel expressed their strong feelings of disagreement. This shifted the attention to a discussion regarding the „actual” threat present amongst the countries represented in the committee- Israel. As a result, the countries split into two blocks and while the United States of America, alongside the United Arab Emirates showed support for the delegation of Israel going as far as stating that „Israel is not a dangerous country”, their efforts were quickly shot down by the other members of the committee, such as Iran.
To get a better understanding of Israel’s stance, the delegation of Palestine proposed a Q&A session with the respective delegate, which was strongly supported by the other member states, during which, the delegate of Israel presented their reasons for refusing to sign the NPT(Non-Proliferation Treaty). As a means to stop the conflict between the member states, the delegates of Libya and the United Kingdom urge the delegation of Israel to propose a treaty that they are willing to sign, highlighting the importance of actually implementing a Weapon of Mass Destruction Free Zone in the Middle East, thus encouraging a more transparent approach.